Exclaves & Counterexclaves: Baarle-Nassau & Baarle-Hertog

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Baarle-Nassau is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.

It had a population of 6,847 in 2019.

The town is the site of a complicated borderline between Belgium and Netherlands, with numerous small exclaves of the Belgian town Baarle-Hertog, some of which contain counter-exclaves of Nassau.

The border with Baarle-Hertog, Belgium​

Baarle-Nassau is closely linked, with complicated borders, to the Belgian exclaves of Baarle-Hertog. Baarle-Hertog consists of 26 separate parcels of land.

Apart from the main parcel, known as Zondereigen and located north of the Belgian town of Merksplas, there are 22 Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands and three other parcels on the Dutch-Belgian border.

There are also six Dutch exclaves located within the largest Belgian exclave, one within the second-largest, and an eighth within Zondereigen.

The smallest Belgian parcel, H7, locally named De Loversche Akkers, measures 2,469 square metres (26,580 sq ft).

The border's complexity results from numerous medieval treaties, agreements, land-swaps and sales between the Lords of Breda and the Dukes of Brabant.

Generally speaking, predominantly agricultural or built environments became constituents of Brabant, while other parts devolved to Breda.

These distributions were ratified and clarified as a part of the borderline settlements arrived at during the Treaty of Maastricht in 1843.

For clarification and the interest of tourists, the border is made visible on all streets with iron pins.

This way it is always clear whether one is in Belgium (Baarle-Hertog) or in The Netherlands (Baarle-Nassau).

This is also visible on the house numbers: the style of house numbers is different in both countries and often one will find the Dutch or Belgian flag next to the number.

548px-Baarle-Nassau_-_Baarle-Hertog-en.svg.png


Netherlands enclaves​

These are all part of Baarle-Nassau Commune.

Serial no. and local name
Area (ha)
Notes
Netherlands N1, De Loversche Akkers – De Tommelsche Akkers​
5.3667​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary of N1 and H1 runs through one building.​
Netherlands N2, De Tommelsche Akkers​
1.3751​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; contains 8 dwellings.​
Netherlands N3, De Tommelsche Akkers​
0.2863​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N3 and H1 bisects the loading dock of a liquor store.​
Netherlands N4, De Rethsche Akkers​
1.2324​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N4 and H1 runs through a warehouse, with vacant Dutch land to the rear of the warehouse.​
Netherlands N5, De Rethsche Akkers​
1.9212​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; boundary of N5 and H1 runs through a furniture showroom, a shed and a barn.​
Netherlands N6, Gierle Straat​
1.4527​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave H1, in Baarle-Hertog; consists of farmland with two buildings.​
Netherlands N7, De Kastelein​
0.5812​
Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian Oordeel exclave H8, in Baarle-Hertog; occupies part of a field.​
Netherlands N8, Vossenberg​
2.8528​
Farmland enclave situated within Zondereigen, Belgium, less than 50 meters south of the Dutch border.​

 

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Belgian enclaves​

These are all part of Baarle-Hertog Commune, and are surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune (Netherlands).

Serial no. and local nameArea (ha)Notes
Belgium H1, Aen het Klooster Straetje - Hoofdbraek - Loveren - De Boschcovensche Akkers - De Loversche Akkers - De Tommelsche Akkers - De Tommel - De Gierle Straat - De Reth - De Rethsche Akkers - Het Dorp - De Kapel Akkers - De Kastelein153.6448Forms a quadripoint with enclave H2; largest Belgian exclave; encompasses six Dutch enclaves; consists of dwellings for the most part, with outlying farmland and an industrial area; boundary runs through numerous buildings; contains a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cycle path.
Belgium H2, De Rethsche Akkers2.4116Consists of farmland with a single point of connection (quadripoint) between enclaves H1 and H2 in the middle of a corn field.
Belgium H3, De Rethsche Akkers0.3428Occupies part of a field; boundary runs through a shed in one instance.
Belgium H4, De Rethsche Akkers1.476Consists of farmland; boundary runs through a house and three sheds.
Belgium H5, De Kapel Akkers0.9245Consists of farmland with a dwelling.
Belgium H6, Hoofdbraek1.7461Mixed land usage; boundary runs through a warehouse/factory.
Belgium H7, De Loversche Akkers0.2469Boundary runs through two dwellings, including the middle of one front door (giving it two house numbers: Loveren 2, Baarle-Hertog / Loveren 19, Baarle-Nassau).
Belgium H8, Boschcoven - De Kastelein - De Oordelsche Straat41.8781Second-largest Belgian exclave, contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary runs through a barn, a dwelling and two businesses.
Belgium H9, De Kapel Akkers0.4005Boundary runs through a printing factory/warehouse in an industrial area.
 

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Belgium H10, De Oordelsche Straat0.65Consists of farmland.
Belgium H11, De Oordelsche Straat0.93Consists of farmland.
Belgium H12, Boschcoven0.2822Consists of farmland.
Belgium H13, Boschcoven1.5346Boundary runs through about 20 dwellings.
Belgium H14, Boschcoven0.7193Boundary runs through about 13 dwellings.
Belgium H15, Boschcoven1.7211Boundary runs through about 16 dwellings.
Belgium H16, Keizershoek - Oordelsche Straat4.4252Boundary runs through a house and three sheds, with the linear boundary changing direction three times inside just one shed.
Belgium H17, Moleriet Heide14.9248Rural area containing a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cycle path.
Belgium H18, De Manke Gooren2.9247Consists of farmland.
Belgium H19, De Peruiters0.6851Consists of several ponds and a field.
Belgium H20, Wurstenbosch - Vossenberg1.1681Consists of farmland.
Belgium H21, Baelbrugsche Beemden1.1845Consists of farmland.
Belgium H22, De Wit Hagen0.2632South of the village of Ulicoten; occupies part of a field; nationality was contested from the 1830s until 1995 (remained unallocated to either country in boundary treaty of 26 April 1974)
 

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Population6,847 (Jan 2019)
Baarle-Nassau town hall
Baarle-Nassau town hall

Border between Netherlands and Belgium in Baarle-Nassau.
Flag of Baarle-Nassau
Flag
Coat of arms of Baarle-Nassau
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Baarle-Nassau in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant

Baarle-Nassau, Rathaus
Coordinates:
17px-WMA_button2b.png
51°27′N 4°56′E
CountryNetherlands; however, the Dutch municipality of Baarle-Nassau totally surrounds numerous small exclaves of Belgium.
ProvinceNorth Brabant
• BodyMunicipal council
MayorMarjon de Hoon-Veelenturf (CDA)
• Total76.29 km2 (29.46 sq mi)
• Land76.14 km2 (29.40 sq mi)
• Water0.15 km2 (0.06 sq mi)
Elevation28 m (92 ft)
• Total6,847
• Density90/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode5110–5114
Area code013
Websitewww.baarle-nassau.nl


Topographic map of the municipality of Baarle-Nassau, June 2015.

 
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